Diet plays an important role in keeping the sugar-level under control. When a person is diagnosed as diabetic, he/she is referred to a dietician for assistance in analysing food habits and to draw up a diet-chart. However, it is the doctor who recommends the type of diet and the amount of calories the person should consume which, in turn, depends on the health status and the amount of oral drugs or insulin being taken.
Some important points to remember if you are a diabetic on diet control:
Food prohibited (Do not take at all):
Glucose, sugar, honey, jaggery and sweets.
Food to avoid:
These should not be usually consumed. However, to avoid craving and a monotonous daily diet, you can take these once in a while.
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If a diabetic feels hungry even after eating his/her permissible quota, the person may consume low calorie food called free foods. These give a feeling of fullness.
Food exchange list:
You cannot eat the same food for a long time. Also while eating out or travelling we think of an exchange list, which means a substitute. Exchanges can be done only within the same group, and on the same day. No carry forwards please.
Alcohol should be avoided if diabetes is not under control and if there are other complications. If you cannot keep off it, then it is safer to consume hard liquors like rum, brandy, whisky or gin. Avoid beer or sweet wines. Alcohol should not be consumed on empty stomach and should be limited to 2 ounces a day. When drinking, a diabetic should eat salads and not the usual snacks. The calorie content of the salad, snack or drink should be adjusted with the day's diet.
Fasting for a diabetic
The metabolism of the body is altered when a person fasts. This adversely affects the diabetic state. Avoid total fasting. Consult your doctor before you fast.
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